Aim: to assess the effectiveness of the developed physical therapy program on locomotive syndrome parameters in elderly people with osteoarthritis of the knee and obesity.
Material and methods. 93 elderly people were examined. The control group consisted of 31 people without osteoarthritis of the joints, with no obesity. The main group 1 consisted of 33 people who received rehabilitation according to the general principles of osteoarthritis correction. Representatives of the main group 2 (31 people) were engaged in a physical therapy program using functional training on the «Prosedos» platform, therapeutic exercises, Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation; massage, kinesiological taping, nutritional correction, patient education. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated according to the dynamics of the Short Physical Performance Battery, Functional Gait Assessment, Tinetti-test (Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment), 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale.
Results. Elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the knee and obesity were found to have impaired balance (Short Physical Performance Battery), altered gait stereotype (Functional Gait Assessment), risk of falling when performing activities of daily living (Tinetti-test) at the level of locomotive syndrome II degree (25- question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale). The developed program of physical therapy in persons of the main group 2 revealed a statistically significantly better effect on the components of the locomotive syndrome compared to the initial examination in all studied parameters (p<0.05). Elderly patients who underwent rehabilitation according to the standard program for the correction of osteoarthritis achieved a statistically significant improvement compared to the initial state according to the studied parameters (p<0.05), but less pronounced compared to the tested program.
Conclusions. Elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the knee joints and obesity need to develop physical therapy programs taking into account and correcting the specifics of each condition, the presence of static and dynamic balance disorders and the risk of falling, which will increase the overall effectiveness of rehabilitation measures.
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