Introduction. WHO experts point to the urgency of the problem of cardiovascular diseases, among which the first places are occupied by cerebral strokes (CS). With CS there are significant changes in the socio-psychological activities of the patient and the personal psychological characteristics of the individual due. Such changes provoke the development of certain psychological disorders, which are characterized by an oppressed state, a persistent depressive state, the development of anxieties and fears, obsessive fixation on the transferred disease and worries about one's future, etc. That's why, the study of psychological characteristics of patients after СS is a relevant problem of great importance, which determined the direction of our research.
The aim: To investigate and analyze the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients after CS.
Materials and methods. Conducted a randomized controlled single-center prospective study case-control, which is based on the analysis of the results of psychological study of 300 patients after CS (main group) and 200 people of the control group for the period 2022-2023. The studied groups were randomized by age and gender. To study the psychological characteristics of patients after CS, we used two methods of diagnosing psychological conditions: the self-esteem scale of Spielberg Ch. D. and Khanin Yu.L. and the depression scale of Balashova T.I.
Results. Probably (p<0.001) among the subjects of the main group compared to the control, a significantly higher frequency of occurrence of medium and moderate levels of reactive anxiety (RA), personal anxiety (PA) and levels of depression (LD) was determined, in contrast to low, which was more often detected among the persons control group. It was determined that the levels of RA, PA and depression were reliably significantly higher in the main group compared to the control group and characterized the presence of fairly significant moderate anxiety and mild depression of situational or neurotic origin.
Conclusion. It has been proven probable (p<0.001) confirmation of the influence of an CS on the development of high levels of anxiety (both RA and PA) and depression.
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