COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE EFFICIENCY OF DIFFERENT METHODS OF OSTEOTOMY WHEN PERFORMING CLOSED RHINOPLASTY
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Keywords

piezotome
osteotomy
rhinoplasty
transcutaneous
endonasal
complication

How to Cite

Karchynskyi, O. O., Lupyr, A. V., & Karchynska, T. O. (2023). COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE EFFICIENCY OF DIFFERENT METHODS OF OSTEOTOMY WHEN PERFORMING CLOSED RHINOPLASTY. Clinical and Preventive Medicine, (8), 46-51. https://doi.org/10.31612/2616-4868.8.2023.05

Abstract

The aim. Increasing the effectiveness of treatment of patients with primary deformity of the nasal skeleton with a pronounced violation of the function of nasal breathing, by improving existing and developing new methods of reconstructive surgery of the nose.

Materials and methods. 38 patients participated in the study. They were divided into two groups of 19 patients each. The gender and age distribution in both groups was approximately the same. The control group had rhinoplasty performed using a traditional osteotomy. Endonasal continuous osteotomy was performed using a 4 mm chisel. The research group underwent a combination of piezoelectric surgery and combined transcutaneous access, during rhinoplasty. At the same time, a 3 mm chisel was used for lateral and transverse lateral osteotomies, and a piezotome was used to remove the hump, medial and transverse dorsal osteotomies. All patients of both groups underwent only primary rhinoplasty in a closed manner.

Results. Postoperative symptoms and complications were studied in both groups: perforation of the mucous membrane, narrowing of the nasal airways, bony irregularities, eyelid swelling, periorbital ecchymoses, as well as overall patient satisfaction. Symptoms were evaluated on the first day after surgery, 3 days after surgery, and 1 week after treatment. When comparing the obtained data, a statistically significant decrease in intra- and post-operative complications was found when performing rhinoplasty using piezoelectric surgery in combination with transcutaneous access. Also, piezotome osteotomy in combination with transcutaneous access has a number of advantages over classic osteotomy, which consist in reducing traumatic complications, obtaining more stable bone structures during surgery, which gives a better predicted result of rhinoplasty, and therefore, greater patient satisfaction.

Conclusions. Performing a combination of piezotome osteotomy with a transcutaneous approach improves the postoperative period for patients and contributes to a better rhinoplasty result due to fewer complications.

https://doi.org/10.31612/2616-4868.8.2023.05
ARTICLE PDF

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