THE USE OF MEDICINAL PREPARATION GINKGO BILOBA IN THE PROCESS OF PROVIDING COMPLEX PSYCHOCORRECTIVE ASSISTANCE TO FAMILIES WITH THE CONSEQUENCES OF WAR PSYCHOTRAUMA
ARTICLE PDF

Keywords

war psychotrauma
families with the consequences of war psychotrauma
temporarily displaced persons
psychocorrection
psychoprophylaxis
medicinal preparation Gingko biloba

How to Cite

Hrubnyk, I. M., Olkhovska, A. B., Koliadenko, N. V., Shopsha, M. M., Shopsha, O. L., & Zhyvaho, K. S. (2024). THE USE OF MEDICINAL PREPARATION GINKGO BILOBA IN THE PROCESS OF PROVIDING COMPLEX PSYCHOCORRECTIVE ASSISTANCE TO FAMILIES WITH THE CONSEQUENCES OF WAR PSYCHOTRAUMA. Clinical and Preventive Medicine, (1), 114-129. https://doi.org/10.31612/2616-4868.1.2024.14

Abstract

Introduction. The prolonged extreme crisis situation of the full-scale war in Ukraine has a negative impact on the institution of the family, the structure and functions of the modern Ukrainian family. Therefore, the development of effective approaches to the psychocorrection of family relations in wartime is an urgent topic of research.

The aim. The purpose of the work is to develop and test a model of complex psychocorrection of family relations using the drug Ginkgo biloba in wartime conditions.

Materials and methods. Analytical, psychodiagnostic, statistical research methods and the method of conceptual modeling are used in the work. The methodological basis of the study was the understanding of a person as a whole multi-level biopsychosocial living system and an empirical approach. The research sample consisted of 44 young couples (88 people), temporarily displaced from the zone of active hostilities. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups: experimental (21 couples, 42 people) and control (23 couples, 46 people). Psychodiagnostic methods were used in the work: Questionnaire "Diagnosis of personality behavior in a conflict situation" (O.S. Kocharyan); Methodology "Settings in a married couple" (Y.Ye. Alyoshina); Communication in the family (Y.Ye. Alyoshina, L.Ya. Gozman, O.M. Dubovska); Marriage satisfaction test questionnaire (V. V. Stolin, T.L. Romanova, G.P. Butenko); Connor-Davidson resilience scale-10. Complex psychocorrective intervention was carried out in both groups for three weeks based on the author's model, which contained four groups of factors: individual, family, group, social, and consisted of seven content blocks: 1) correction of individual mental states of each spouse and development of resilience; 2) correction of communication skills and internal and external communication styles of spouses; 3) correction of family attitudes and values; 4) correction of the educational function of the family; 5) correction of the protective function of the family; 6) increasing the vitality of the family and forming its psychotherapeutic function; 7) formation of satisfaction with marriage and determination of constructive prospective directions for the development of family relations. In addition, the respondents of the experimental group received the Ginkgo biloba drug in the form of a standardized leaf extract (Ginkgo biloba-F capsules 400 mg No. 60 of the domestic manufacturer PTF LLC Pharmacom) for three weeks.

Results. A complex model of psychocorrection of family relationships using the drug gingko biloba was theoretically substantiated, developed and tested, and its effectiveness in providing medical and psychological assistance to families with the consequences of war psychotrauma was demonstrated.

Conclusions. It has been proven that the developed and tested comprehensive psychocorrective technique is effective in increasing the resilience of families with the consequences of war psychotrauma. A statistically reliable and significant positive effect of the Ginkgo biloba drug on the adaptive resources and vitality of the individual has been demonstrated, which contributes to the increase of stress resistance and the normalization of family relationships and allows to recommend the Ginkgo biloba drug in a complex of psychocorrective and psychoprophylactic measures to overcome the consequences of war psychotrauma.

Prospective research is planned to be directed to the study of the impact of the war psychotraumatic situation on children and the elderly and the development of appropriate psychocorrective and psychoprophylactic methods.

https://doi.org/10.31612/2616-4868.1.2024.14
ARTICLE PDF

References

Burlaka, O. V. (2019). Shchodo problemy vyznachennya ponyattya y osoblyvostey sotsialʹnoho zakhystu simʺyi, dytynstva, materynstva ta batʹkivstva [Regarding the problem of defining the concept and features of social protection of the family, childhood, motherhood and parenthood]. Entrepreneurship, economy and law, 11, 123-128. https://doi.org/10.32849/2663-5313/2019.11.19.

Vasylenko, O. M. (2018). Osoblyvosti psykholoho-pedahohichnoho suprovodu pidlitkiv, pereselenykh iz zony boyovykh diy [Peculiarities of psychological and pedagogical support for teenagers resettled from the war zone]. Collection of scientific works of the Khmelnytskyi Institute of Social Technologies of the University of Ukraine, 1, 116-119. Available from: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Znpkhist_2018_1_28.

Godetska, T. Deviantnistʹ vzayemovidnosyn u simʺyakh uchasnykiv ATO. Informatsiyno-analitychnyy aspekt [Deviance of relationships in the families of ATO participants. Informational and analytical aspect]. (2021). Youth and the market, 10, 196. Available from: http://mir.dspu.edu.ua/article/view/248820.

Goshovskyi, Ya., Tyurenkov, A. (2022). Osoblyvosti simeynoyi konfliktolohiyi u suchasnykh vitchyznyanykh viysʹkovo-psykholohichnykh doslidzhennyakh [Peculiarities of family conflictology in modern domestic military psychological research]. Psychological components of sustainable development of society: the search for psychological justification for the challenges of modernity, 137. Available from: https://www.inforum.in.ua/docs/202212150212307.pdf.

Hryschuk, M. M. (2011). Osoblyvosti stanovlennya psykholoho-psykhoterapevtychnoyi dopomohy nevrotyzovanym dityam u konteksti yikhnikh simeynykh vzayemyn [Peculiarities of the development of psychological and psychotherapeutic assistance to neurotic children in the context of their family relationships]. Scientific notes of the National University "Ostroh Academy". Ser. : Psychology and pedagogy, Issue 17, 66-71. Available from: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Nznuoapp_2011_17_10.

Gulchenko, G. R. (2023). Osoblyvosti i problemy suchasnoyi simʺyi [Peculiarities and problems of the modern family. Mykolaiv, 104. Available from: https://krs.chmnu.edu.ua/jspui/handle/123456789/3094

Dyomina, G. A. (2023). Vplyv simeynykh tsinnostey na formuvannya tsinnisnykh oriyentatsiy ditey ta pidlitkiv (v umovakh viyny v Ukrayini) [The influence of family values on the formation of value orientations of children and adolescents (in the conditions of the war in Ukraine)]. Preservation of mental health in the conditions of military operations, 188-190. Available from: http://surl.li/pyhxh.

Yermusevich, O. I., Gurleva, T. S. (2013). Dialoh u simʺyi yak chynnyk sotsializatsiyi osobystosti [Dialogue in the family as a factor in the socialization of the individual]. Actual problems of psychology: Collection of scientific works of the H.S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Social Psychology, Vol. XI. 1(6). 306-314. Available from: https://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/1618.

Ivanov, A. V. (2023). Sotsialʹna i humanitarna polityka v Ukrayini v umovakh viyny [Social and humanitarian policy in Ukraine in the conditions of war]. Scientific Notes, 2023. 61. https://doi.org/10.32782/TNU-2663-6468/2023.2/10.

Kyzym, I.V., Moroz, E.S., Staruseva, V.V. (2022). Vplyv viyny na psykhichnyy stan ditey [The influence of war on the mental state of children]. Current issues of preventive medicine: scientific and practical materials. conference dedicated to the 95th anniversary of the birth of Yu. I. Kundiyev. Kharkiv, 17. Available from: http://surl.li/pyhqv.

Kokun, O.M., Agaev, N.A., Pishko, I.O., Lozinska, N.S., Ostapchuk, V.V. (2017). Psykholohichna robota z viysʹkovosluzhbovtsyamy-uchasnykamy ATO na etapi vidnovlennya [Psychological work with military personnel-by ATO participants at the recovery stage]: Methodical guide. Kyiv, National Research Center of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, 282. Available from: http://surl.li/mjzfz.

Kokun, O. M., Melnychuk, T. I. (2023). Rezyliyens-dovidnyk [Resilience-handbook]: a practical guide. Kyiv, Institute of Psychology named after H.S. Kostyuka of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 25 p. Available from: https://lib.iitta.gov.ua/id/eprint/734632.

Konovalova, Yu. V. (2019). Ponyattya zhyttyevoho tsyklu simʺyi [Concept of the life cycle of the family]. Integration of education, science and business in the modern environment: summer debates: theses add. I International Scientific and Practical Internet Conference, August 1-2, 2019. Dnipro, 287. Available from: http://surl.li/pyhyw.

Kononenko O. I., Hryhorashchenko A. V. (2022). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti adaptatsiyi ditey v umovakh viyny ta emihratsiyi [Psychological features of adaptation of children in conditions of war and emigration]. Psychology and social work, 1-2 (55-56). 71-79. https://doi.org/10.18524/2707-0409.2022.1-2.286668.

Korolchuk, M., Naumenko, N. (2023). Analiz chynnykiv nehatyvnykh psykhichnykh staniv osobystosti do i pid chas viyny (za rezulʹtatamy anketuvannya) [Analysis of the factors of negative mental states of the individual before and during the war (according to the results of the questionnaire)]. Bulletin of the National University of Defense of Ukraine, 83-90. https://doi.org/10.33099/2617-6858-2023-73-3-83-90.

Kotlova, L. O., Dolinchuk, I. O., Ilyushchenko, I. O. (2023). Psykhichne zdorov'ya molodi v umovakh voyennoho stanu [Mental health of youth in the conditions of martial law]. Habitus, 53. 63-68. https://doi.org/10.32782/2663-5208.2023.53.10.

Kravchenko, T. V. (2006). Suchasna simʺya u fokusi naukovykh doslidzhenʹ [Modern family in the focus of scientific research]. Ukrainian society, 2(13). 43-48. Available from: http://surl.li/okhnp.

Lozova, A. Yu. (2023). Sotsiolohichni aspekty vyvchennya konfliktiv suchasnoyi ukrayinsʹkoyi sim'yi [Sociological aspects of the study of conflicts in the modern Ukrainian family]: bachelor's qualification thesis: special. 054 – Sociology; of science driver O. V. Boryushkina; Kharkiv: DBTU, 74. Available from: http://surl.li/pyikj.

Lukashevich, M.P. (2012). Sotsiolohiya simʺyi: teoriya i praktyka [Sociology of the family: theory and practice]: teaching. manual. Kyiv: IPK DSZU, 186 p. Available from: http://surl.li/pyilz.

Martsynyak-Dorosh, O. Vasylieva, O., Slobodianyk, V., and others. (2023). Psykhichna travmatyzatsiya osobystosti vnaslidok viysʹkovykh diy ta yiyi vplyv na zhyttyediyalʹnistʹ osobystosti [Mental traumatization of the individual as a result of military operations and its impact on the life activity of the individual]. Scientific perspectives, 5(35). 835-845. https://doi.org/10.52058/2708-7530-2023-5(35)-835-845.

Popelushko, R.P. (2021). Osoblyvosti provedennya etapiv prohramy psykholohichnoho suprovodu kombatantiv ta yikh simey [Peculiarities of the stages of the psychological support program for combatants and their families]. Achievements and prospects of modern scientific research. Abstracts of the 3rd International scientific and practical conference / Editorial EDULCP. Buenos Aires, Argentina. 171-177.

Predko, V., Predko, D. (2022). Osoblyvosti psykhichnoho stanu ukrayintsiv v umovakh viyny [Peculiarities of the mental state of Ukrainians in war conditions]. Scientific works of the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management. Psychology. 3 (56). 78-84. https://doi.org/10.32689/maup.psych.2022.3.11.

Sviderska, O. (2020). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti adaptyvnoho potentsialu osib, kotri pratsyuyutʹ v ekstremalʹnykh sytuatsiyakh [Psychological features of the adaptive potential of persons working in extreme situations]. Bulletin of the National University of Defense of Ukraine, 54(1). 153-159. https://doi.org/10.33099/2617-6858-2020-54-1-153-159.

Syerogodskyi, M. L. (2023). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti perezhyvannya posttravmatychnykh stresovykh reaktsiy [Psychological features of experiencing post-traumatic stress reactions]. Psychological features of experiencing a situation of uncertainty: a collection of materials of the XIII International Scientific and Practical Conference (March 16–17, 2023, Vol. 2, Nizhyn) / edited by M. V. Papuchi. Nizhin: NSU named after M. Gogol, 98-103. Available from: http://surl.li/pyjfj.

Syngaivska, I., Osaulenko, N. (2023). Osoblyvosti komunikatyvnykh problem v shlyubnykh partnersʹkykh stosunkakh pereselentsiv pid chas viyny [Peculiarities of communication problems in marital partner relationships of displaced persons during the war]. Scientific notes of the "KROC" University. 3 (71). 125-134. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31732/2663-2209-2022-71-125-134.

Fedorenko, R.P. (2021). Psykholohiya simʺyi [Family psychology]: teaching. manual / Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University. Kind. 2nd, changes. and additional Lutsk. Veza-Druk, 480. Available from: http://surl.li/pyjlc.

Chernushevich,V.Yu. (2023). Simeyni stosunky na vidstani pid chas viyny: vyklyky ta perspektyvy zberezhennya [Family relations at a distance during the war: challenges and prospects for preservation]: bachelor's thesis: spec. 054 – Sociology; of science driver I.S. Nechitaylo; Kharkiv. DBTU. 47. Available from: http://surl.li/pyjng.

Shinkarenko, I. (2022). Simʺya v umovakh viyny: psykholohichni, psykhosotsialʹni ta psykhopatolohichni problemy [The family in the conditions of war: psychological, psychosocial and psychopathological problems]. Scientific Bulletin of the National Academy of Sciences. Special issue. 2. 550-557. https://doi.org/10.31733/2078-3566-2022-6-550-557.

Yurchenko, I., Hryschuk, M., Moroz, O. (2020). Systemna simeyna psykhoterapiya yak praktychnyy instrument roboty psykholoha v systemi osvity Ukrayiny [Systemic family psychotherapy as a practical tool for the work of a psychologist in the education system of Ukraine]. Scientific notes of the National University "Ostroh Academy": Series "Psychology". 11. 190-195. https://doi.org/10.25264/2415-7384-2020-11-190-195.

Azhikova, A. K. (2020). Ginkgo biloba L.: prospects for use in pharmacy. Caspian Bulletin of Medicine and Pharmacy. 1(1). 6-13.

Barbalho, S. M., Direito, R., Laurindo, L. F., et al. (2022). Ginkgo biloba in the aging process: A narrative review. Antioxidants, 11(3), 525. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox11030525

Das, R., Lami, M. S., Chakraborty, A. J., et al. (2022). Ginkgo biloba: A treasure of functional phytochemicals with multimedicinal applications. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/8288818.

Eisvand, F., Razavi, B. M., & Hosseinzadeh, H. (2020). The effects of Ginkgo biloba on metabolic syndrome: A review. Phytotherapy Research. 34(8). 1798-1811. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.6646.

Eshel, Y., Kimhi, S., Marciano, H., & Adini, B. (2023). Predictors of PTSD and psychological distress symptoms of Ukraine civilians during war. Disaster medicine and public health preparedness. 17. 429. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2023.69

Fang, J., Wang, Z., Wang, P., & Wang, M. (2020). Extraction, structure and bioactivities of the polysaccharides from Ginkgo biloba: A review. International journal of biological macromolecules. 162. 1897-1905. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.08.141.

Karamushka, L. M., Kredentser, O. V., Tereshchenko, K. V., et al. (2022). Study on subjective well-being of different groups of population during the 2022 war in Ukraine. population, Vol. 1. P. 1854-1860. Available from: http://surl.li/pykay.

Levytska, O., Mulska, O., Ivaniuk, U., Kunytska-Iliash M., Vasyltsiv T., Lupak R. (2020). Modelling the conditions affecting population migration activity in the eastern european region: The case of Ukraine. TEM Journal. Vol. 9. Issue 2. P. 507-514. https://doi.org/10.18421/TEM92-12. Available from: https://www.temjournal.com/content/92/TEMJournalMay2020_507_514.pdf.

Li, J., Chen, Z., Shi, H., et al. (2023). Ultrasound-assisted extraction and properties of polysaccharide from Ginkgo biloba leaves. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry. 93, 106295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2023.106295.

Liu, X. G., Lu, X., Gao, W., et al. (2022). Structure, synthesis, biosynthesis, and activity of the characteristic compounds from Ginkgo biloba L. Natural Product Reports, 39(3), 474-511. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1NP00026H.

Olkhovska, А., Stremoukhov, О., Spyrydonov, S., et al. (2022). Justification of the feasibility of creating new Ginkgo Biloba medicines and dietary supplements based on the study of the Ukrainian pharmaceutical market. Modern Medicine, Pharmacy and Psychological Health. 2(9). 65–74. https://doi.org/10.32689/2663-0672-2022-2-10.

Šamec, D., Karalija, E., Dahija, S., & Hassan, S. T. (2022). Biflavonoids: Important contributions to the health benefits of Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba L.). Plants. 11(10), 1381. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11101381.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.